Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers in the Western world, affecting more than 6% of the population during the course of their lifetime. The chances of recovery are relatively good, provided early detection. Regular colonoscopy screening and the removal of benign intestinal polyps (which can turn into malignant cancer at a later stage) often help detect cancer early on or prevent it altogether.
Men are more likely to be affected by colon cancer than females, with the ratio being around 60 to 40. About 90% of colon cancer cases occur after the age of 50 years. Statistics show that about 1 of 100 people between the ages of 45 and 75 years have undetected cancer, while about 3 out of 100 have benign polyps in the gut that should be removed as a precautionary measure.
A number of environmental risk factors can increase the likelihood of colon cancer. In general, people of older age are increasingly affected. Vitamin D deficiency and the presence of colon polyps as well as genetic predispositions or various disorders of the intestine (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease) are further factors that promote the development of the disease.
One’s diet is a major factor in colon cancer: the daily consumption of red meat increases the risk by 49% per 100 g. Per 100 g of sausage the risk increases by about 70%. By increasing fiber intake, the risk can be reduced by 40%. Obesity, years of smoking and a lack of exposure to sunlight that results in vitamin D deficiency are also known risk factors for the onset of the disease.
Symptoms of colon cancer
Colon cancer usually remains unrecognized in the early stages, which makes an early diagnosis
and timely treatment much more difficult. The following symptoms may occur in
advanced stages of colon cancer:
- Blood or mucus in the stool
- Intestinal cramps
- Pencil or goat kettle shaped stool
- Diarrhea and constipation
- Anemia (due to blood loss)
- Performance degradation
- Fatigue and general weakness
Genes relevant to colon cancer
Several genetic variations have been identified by science that is known to have an impact on the development of colon cancer. If considering these genetic variations as a whole, they can have a significant impact on the likelihood of developing a disease. The analysis of the relevant genetic variations allowed for the following conclusions:
LEGEND: rsNCBl = description of examined genetic variation, POLYMORPHlSM = form of the genetic
variation, GENOTYPE : personal analysis result
Summary of effects
Here is a summary of the impact the genetic variations have on your health and body:
- Your risk of developing colon cancer is lower than that of the population average.
Risk of color cancer
You do not have a genetically increased risk of developing colon cancer and therefore, typical prevention and screening measures are sufficient for you. This means that no special measures beyond the general rules of leading a healthy lifestyle are required.
Recommendations for your diet and lifestyle
The following nutritional recommendations apply according to the current state of science as a
preventive measure against colon cancer:
- Reach and maintain a normal body weight
- Ensure a balanced diet
- Foods that contain large amounts of fat and sugar should only be consumed occasionally and in small quantities
- Eat foods that are high in fiber
- Reduce your consumption of red meat
- Eat fish regularly
- Alcohol should only be consumed in small quantities
- Make sure you have enough vitamin D3
- Do sports regularly
Early detection is critical to the successful treatment of any type of cancer. If the cancer is detected early on, it can usually be treated quite well and effectively.
The recommended screening program consists of the following examinations:
- CHEMICAL STOOL TEST: Annually (recommended from the age of 50)
- IMMUNOLOGICAL STOOL TEST: Annually (recommended from the age of 50)
- MAJOR COLONOSCOPY: Every 10 years (recommended from the age of 55)
- MINOR COLONOSCOPY: Every 5 years (recommended from the age of 55)
Effect on relevant medication
Please note: The right choice and dose of medication is always the responsibility of the doctor. Never make your own decision on whether to stop taking a medication or change its close!
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