The menopause is a natural period in the life of every woman, in which the ovaries cease the hormone production of estrogens, progesterone, and androgens. During this time, women may experience hormone deficiency, manifested with symptoms such as hot flashes, sweat during the nights, insomnia, and vaginal dryness. By hormone replacement therapy (HRT), these missing chemicals can be replaced, thus alleviating the discomfort.

The menopause is a period in the life of every woman, in which natural hormonal changes take place. This usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, and usually does not require any treatment. However, due to the decrease of the female sex hormones, menopause may lead to physical and mental ailments. These menopausal symptoms include:

  • Hot flashes
  • Sweat during the nights
  • Tachycardia
  • Sleep disorders
  • Dizziness
  • Lack of libido
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Depression
  • Apathy

The hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may alleviate the climacteric symptoms, which are triggered by hormone deficiency and cause a severe impairment of the quality of life. It can be either a monotherapy carried out only with estrogen or combined therapy with estrogen and progestin. Comprehensive medical analyses should be carried out before starting the treatment.

Although hormone therapy has many advantages, many scientific studies have shown that the HRT also slightly increases the risk of breast cancer and of thrombosis. If other risk factors also exist (such as a genetic predisposition), it is recommended to follow alternative therapies.

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