Although skin cancer development is visible on the surface of the skin and can theoretically, be diagnosed and treated easily, some tumors often develop inconspicuously and in hidden places, only causing symptoms once they have already spread throughout the body.

There are basically two types of skin cancer:

Light skin cancer: This leads to a cancerous reproduction of light skin cells (basal cells or prickle cells). Although this form of cancer is common, it is usually very treatable and rarely fatal.

The black skin cancer: Black skin cancer, also called melanoma, is rarer and more dangerous. It is caused by a cancerous proliferation of pigment cells, which are usually responsible for a suntan.

Risk factors

In addition to excessive UV radiation from the sun or a solarium, genetic factors play a significant role in the development of skin cancer. Thus, individuals with an increased number of skin blemishes, a family history of skin cancer, and skin types that don’t tan well and easily develop mild sunburns are at particularly high risk.

Prevention and early detection

Protecting yourself from excessive UV radiation by means of sunscreen is a primary precautionary measure against the development of skin cancer. In addition to this precaution, the early detection of the disease is of considerable importance for successful treatment. Usually, skin cancer forms from skin blemishes, which can change visually and possibly lead to discomfort. When visiting the doctor, the blemish will be examined visually and if necessary also in the laboratory, in order to be able to diagnose possible skin cancer. In many cases, the blemish is then excised, effectively curing cancer.


Regular self-examination is an essential part of early detection, especially for genetically predispositioned persons and persons who have had skin cancer in the past. Depending on the level of risk, one should have all body parts examined for skin changes every 3 to 6 months (especially in the area of the blemishes). If skin lesions are discovered, they should be discussed with the doctor immediately.

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